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Introduction

Scripts can authenticate via a username and password in an HTTP header. The script sends an HTTP header to the server during API functions. This allows the script to effectively log in as the desired user before the function.

Important:

  • Do not use this method to authenticate over an unsecured connection (port 2086 , 2095 , or 2082 ). Only use this method with a secure SSL connection over port 2083 (cPanel), port 2096 (Webmail), or port 2087 (WHM). 
  • API calls that use a method that includes a URL must use the correct port:
    • 2082 — Unsecure calls to cPanel's APIs.
    • 2083 — Secure calls to cPanel's APIs.
    • 2086 — Unsecure calls to WHM's APIs, or to cPanel's APIs via the WHM API.
    • 2087 — Secure calls to WHM's APIs, or to cPanel's APIs via the WHM API.
    • 2095 — Unsecure calls to cPanel's APIs via a Webmail session.
    • 2096 — Secure calls to cPanel's APIs via a Webmail session.
    Otherwise-correct calls will return Permission denied or Function not found errors if they use an incorrect port number. 
  • This document only includes cPanel & WHM authentication methods. For Manage2 authentication information, read our Guide to the Manage2 API documentation.

Username and password authentication

When you use the username and password method to authenticate, your script sends an HTTP header to the server during API function calls. This allows the script to effectively log in as the desired user before the function.

Example Perl script

 Click to view...

Notes:

  • This script runs as the root user.
  • This script requires the LWP::Protocol:https module. If you attempt to run this script, you must first run the /scripts/perlinstaller LWP::Protocol::https command to install the module.
  • This script calls WHM API 1's listaccts function. Make certain that you update this code for the correct API version, port, and other function-specific call information.
#!/usr/bin/perl
use strict;
use LWP::UserAgent;
use LWP::Protocol::https;
use MIME::Base64; 

my $user = "root";
my $pass = "12345luggage";

my $auth = "Basic " . MIME::Base64::encode( $user . ":" . $pass );

my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new(
    ssl_opts   => { verify_hostname => 0, SSL_verify_mode => 'SSL_VERIFY_NONE', SSL_use_cert => 0 },
);
my $request = HTTP::Request->new( GET => "https://127.0.0.1:2087/json-api/listaccts?api.version=1" );
$request->header( Authorization => $auth );
my $response = $ua->request($request);
print $response->content;
  • Line 6 declares the $user variable and assigns it a value of root.
  • Line 7 declares the $pass variable and assigns it the root account's password, 12345luggage.
  • Line 9 declares the $auth variable, and assigns it a value of Basic root:12345luggage.
  • Line 12 declares the $request variable, which stores information about the call. To set its value, the HTTP::Request module's new() method creates a function to the WHM API 1  listaccts function.
    • This call uses the GET method. 
    • When you construct URLs to use this method, use the same methods as for a browser-based call.
  • Line 13 uses the header() method to use the $auth value as the call's authentication information.
  • Line 14 uses the LWP::UserAgent module to run the function.
  • Line 15 prints the function's output.

Example PHP script

 Click to view...

Notes:

  • Replace accesshashhere with the contents of the /root/.accesshash file.
  • This script calls WHM API 1's listaccts function. Make certain that you update this code for the correct API version, port, and other function-specific call information.
<?
$whmusername = "root";
$whmpassword = "12345luggage";

$query = "https://127.0.0.1:2087/json-api/listaccts?api.version=1";

$curl = curl_init();		                        // Create Curl Object
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER,0);	    // Allow self-signed certs
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST,0); 	    // Allow certs that do not match the hostname
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HEADER,0);			    // Do not include header in output
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1);	    // Return contents of transfer on curl_exec
$header[0] = "Authorization: Basic " . base64_encode($whmusername.":".$whmpassword) . "\n\r";
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $header);    // set the username and password
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, $query);			// execute the query
$result = curl_exec($curl);
if ($result == false) {
	error_log("curl_exec threw error \"" . curl_error($curl) . "\" for $query");	
                                                    // log error if curl exec fails
}
curl_close($curl);

print $result;

?>
  • Line 3 sets the $whmusername value as the root user.
  • Line 4 sets the $whmpassword value as the root account's password, 12345luggage.
  • Line 6 assigns a WHM API 1  listaccts function to the $query value.
    • When you construct URLs to use this method, use the same methods as for a browser-based call.
  • Line 13 assigns the $header[0] variable a value of Authorization: Basic $whmusername: $whmpassword.
    • The $whmusername variable contains the account's username.
    • The $whmpassword variable contains the account's password.
  • Line 14 uses the $header hash to properly configure the HTTP header for the function.
  • Line 15 uses the $query variable to pass in the function itself.
  • Lines 17 through 22 execute the function.
  • Line 24 prints the function's output.